Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Dangers of Totalitarianism is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government. Having witnessed firsthand the horrific lengths to which totalitarian governments in Spain and Russia would go in order to sustain and increase their power, Orwell designed to sound the alarm in Western nations still unsure about how to approach the rise of communism. Inthe Cold War had not yet escalated, many American intellectuals supported communism, and the state of diplomacy between democratic and communist nations was highly ambiguous.
This question haunts readers from the first to the last pages of Orwell's novel. Sadly, the answer is 'yes'; or at least Orwell hopes that readers will leave accepting the possibility enough to question government and tread cautiously into the future.
Orwell intends to portray Oceania just realistically enough to convince contemporary readers that such a society has, in fact, existed and could exist again if people forget the lessons taught by history, or fail to guard against tyrannical, totalitarian governments.
These two themes- totalitarianism and history-tie together the plot and messages in Orwell sets his story in war-torn London. Thirty to forty bombs rain down on the city per week and everywhere Winston turns reminders of the war, such as the Two Minutes Hate and billboards plastered with Party slogans, color his existence.
Deprivation, another bi-product of war, hangs in the air as heavily as the horrible grime and stench created by the city's overcrowded tenements.
Upon openingOrwell's first readers, English people during the late s, would have immediately recognized themselves. Having just emerged from WWII, Londoners would have intimately related to the deprivation and destruction portrayed in However, while Winston placed full blame for his situation on the shoulders of Big Brother, Londoners would not have identified the cause of their misery as the British government.
More likely, the British would have blamed Nazi Germany for starting the war and causing such chaos and devastation. Winston's rebellion against Big Brother would have resonated with contemporary audiences because they too had recently struggled to defeat the totalitarian regimes of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
While it is difficult to pinpoint the specific sparks that set off WWII, the people fighting in the Allied armies must clearly have believed that their collective mission was to crush totalitarianism and restore democracy around the world.
Given this context, 's political messages emerge unmistakably clear. The Party is a totalitarian government.
Neither the Outer Party nor the proles proletariat have any influence on the direction of their country or the rules that govern their lives. The Inner Party manipulates the media and infiltrates citizens' private lives to gain complete control over every aspect of human existence, including love and sex.
When the propaganda, deprivation, and rigid guidelines fail to convert someone to Party doctrine INGSOCthe government uses torture to brainwash citizens. The fact that the Party must turn Winston into a walking zombie to finally crush his inner-revolt, reveals the Party's ultimate frailty.
Since the principles of INGSOC fail to inspire thinking people like Winston, the Party has no choice but to use extreme force and coercion to stay in power. Orwell calls upon his readers to recognize the evil and frailty of the Party and fight to prevent the spread of totalitarianism.
While Orwell does not advocate for a specific alternative system, undercurrents of Socialism, Democracy, and Capitalism pervade.
In many ways, Orwell's novel reads like a history book. The Party understood the power of history.
A citizenry educated to understand history would not allow the Party to survive.Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Analysis George Orwell. the government announced that they had been realized in Immediately, another Five-Year Plan went into effect. What are the 12 most important events of.
Get an answer for 'In George Orwell's , what are the four government ministries that control the world of Big Brother?' and find homework help . , by George Orwell, is a book with symbols for what Orwell felt were important about government and other aspects of society that he had taken notice of, mostly representing the ideals of totalitarianism.
, by George Orwell, is a book with symbols for what Orwell felt were important about government and other aspects of society that he had taken notice of, mostly representing the ideals of totalitarianism.
Could the world in ever really exist? This question haunts readers from the first to the last pages of Orwell's novel. Sadly, the answer is 'yes'; or at least Orwell hopes that readers will leave accepting the possibility enough to question government and tread cautiously into the future.