Bibliography Purpose of Guide This guide is intended to help students organize and write a quality research paper for classes taught in the social and behavioral sciences. Also included are recommendations concerning how to successfully manage and complete specific course assignments. Note that, if you have any questions about a writing assignment, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin. Requirements set forth by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines.
Print Especially if you are surfing the web, your research process should commence with a quality check of any sources you plan to use. Many writers begin badly in this area, simply typing, say, "genetics" into a search engine and getting a return of over 90, hits.
The likely result is an arbitrary research process, yielding sources vastly varying in quality.
The first step when writing a research paper should always be narrowing your focus and choosing quality sources to fit the circumstances. To run a quality check on your sources, follow these guidelines: Begin by discerning the expected quality of resources in relation to the paper you are writing.
Read carefully any material supplied by the professor regarding the assignment. Typically, you will be told if your paper should favor primary sources original evidence provided by participants or secondary sources interpretations of primary sources by authors.
Specific sources might be suggested to you, and parameters for using internet resources might also be discussed. Especially with websites, where an organization might be considered the author, the question of affiliation and professional status becomes especially important. The most credible resources often have ties to professional organizations with standards for membership, for instance.
The most credible web pages are often affiliated with a professional sponsoring organization. And we should expect different commentary on the same incident by, say, a chemical plant representative as opposed to a spokesperson from the Environmental Protection Agency.
Assess the level of information and interpretation the source provides. Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other information-based resources are perfectly good for attaining or verifying dates and facts, but keep in mind that the information provided may be viewed as elementary by your readers, and typically little if any authorial interpretation is provided in such sources.
Carefully consider the sources cited by your sources.
Assessment criteria for the research paper Aspects of the research paper that will be relevant to the determination of a final grade are as follows: Problem Definition and Methodology Statement of the research problem, the aims of the paper and the significance of the. Assessing Source Quality. The first step when writing a research paper should always be narrowing your focus and choosing quality sources to fit the circumstances. To run a quality check on your sources, follow these guidelines: Assess the author’s credibility and bias. This could be established by your finding out and providing. Research Assessment An introduction In upcoming issues of Research Trends we dedicate attention to research assessment. Here we explain why we have chosen this subject, how it is defined, its historical background, how the article series is built up, and which topics will be addressed.
Are the cited sources primary or secondary? For both print and web resources, look for clear indicators of quality in both form and content. Are you using a cheaply produced brochure by an organization interested in self-promotion and fundraising, or a book published by a government agency or established press?
Is the material written with grace and clarity, organized effectively, and professional in appearance, or is the writing style embarrassing, the organization haphazard, the text awash in typos? Note how current the information is, especially if the material comes from the web.
In this regard, the internet is sometimes superior to the print medium, in that information might be published either exclusively or first on the web. However, also assess whether the source of information is outdated, or should be compared to information from a different time or a different medium.What do Self-Reports of Wellbeing Say about Life-Cycle Theory and Policy?
Angus Deaton. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in March NBER Program(s):Aging, Health Economics, Public Economics I respond to Atkinson's plea to revive welfare economics, and to considering alternative ethical frameworks when making policy recommendations.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN FRANCISCO WORKING PAPER SERIES Measuring the Natural Rate of Interest Redux. Thomas Laubach. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. regardbouddhiste.com Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.
Assessing Source Quality. The first step when writing a research paper should always be narrowing your focus and choosing quality sources to fit the circumstances.
To run a quality check on your sources, follow these guidelines: Assess the author’s credibility and bias. This could be established by your finding out and providing.
Introduction. An ability to read, analyse and critically appraise the surgical literature is a skill that every surgeon should have. In the same way that excellence with practical skills is acquired from a knowledge base followed by repetitive practice, so the art of reading a scientific paper and understanding its value is a combination of theoretical knowledge and practice.
Welcome to our toolkit for writing research! Using the resources you find here will set you on the right road to writing a great research paper using reporting guidelines.