These are associated with morality. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. According to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action.
It states that the morally right action is the one with the best consequence. Dual It states that the action with the best consequence is objectively and morally right.
Reasonable It states that an action is morally right if and only if it has the best consequence. Rule It states that an action is morally right if and only if it does not violate the set rules.
Hedonistic It states that the best action is the one that has the most pleasurable consequence. Deontology Contractarian Ethics It states that moral acts and rules hold true for a person depending on how much he follows them.
Natural Rights Theory It states that every individual has universal natural rights, irrespective of any actions or ethics. Divine Rights Theory It states that an action is right if and only if the Divine Deontology vs utilitarianism has commanded it to be right.
Pluralistic Deontology It states a list of prime duties to be considered prior to deciding which duty should be performed when. Virtue Ethics The Ethics of Care The theory states the differential views in the perception of virtue ethics from the masculine and feminine point of view.
Eudaimonism It states that every action states some good; no action is pointless. Agent-Based Version It states that actions are evaluated based on the agent's inner life. The Central Question Consequentialism and Deontology The central question in both these cases is, 'What you ought to do?
The essence is to do the task, according to how right it is presumed to be. Virtue Ethics The central question is, 'What kind of a person should I be? What is Good and What is Right? Consequentialism Consequentialists state that maximum happiness achieved is what is good; the actions that maximize this good are right.
The focus is on getting what is good, and getting what you want. It does not hold true if the two requirements are in conflict. Deontology Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right.
Virtue Ethics Those who revere virtue ethics state that whatever results in the betterment of humanity is good; the fact that the virtuous person followed his ideals to achieve the same is right. Examples Consequentialism The consequentialist philosophy might require that the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better.
One of the most stated examples of this concept is in nursing. Assume that a nurse is tending to a cancer patient, and is faced with the dilemma of whether or not to tell him the truth that he has only a few months to live.
What should she do in this case? If she tells him, he might be brave enough to face it and spend his last days with his family, which is a good consequence. Then again, if she does not tell him, it may be mentally traumatic for him to know whether he is going to live or die.
Who is to decide what consequence is right in this case? These opinions can differ from person to person. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn't done so far.
Deontology It concentrates on the correctness and wrongness of actions based on how well the rules of duty and responsibility were followed.
For instance, consider that a man has saved enough money to buy a house for his family, but has to deal with an unfortunate situation when his son meets with an accident. It is his duty to provide a better shelter for his family, and it is also his duty to save his son's life. In such a case, the best and right action would be to save his son, for if his son is safe and sound, he will be mentally happy and relieved to earn more money and plan a better future for his family.Utilitarianism VS Kantian Deontological Ethics Utilitarianism is a theory of metaethics.
This means that it is grounds for what we mean when we say something is good, bad, right or wrong. This differs from normative ethics, which addresses which things that we encounter in real life are good or bad.
May 01, · i have suddenly become rather curious about the 'conflict' after reading this fascinating segment of a post on rhp: "utilitarianism is rather ls like mr. The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important.
To better understand deontology vs utilitarianism, let’s use an example that features a moral dilemma. Peter is a father and his son is very sick.
Peter took his son to the doctor and found out that his son needs a very expensive surgery. Another definition for deontology is that it is an approach to the justification in which priority is given to the fundamental principles (Thompson regardbouddhiste.com ;) Utilitarianism is an act which is right when it promotes happiness and is wrong when it promotes unhappiness.
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