TLW add details to simple sentences in order to develop more complex sentences.
Are their descriptions limited, lacking in specifics or uninformative? If so, you can help your students write more engaging and elaborate pieces by teaching the following strategies for elaboration. Encourage your students to go back through a piece they have written and look for a mention of a place.
There may be a personal narrative or story that he was writing when he got so enthusiastic about the plot that he quickly mentioned some place that he did not describe with detail.
Have your student go back and write a paragraph describing only that place. It might be where the story takes place like a forest or a school.
Elaboration in elementary writing activities might be a place where the main character dreams of going, like camping or skiing.
Regardless, explain to your student that adding more information about that place makes his writing more interesting and helps the reader picture himself in that place.
Make sure your students know that it is okay to return to a prior piece of writing to add that kind of detail.
Describing a place helps the reader put himself in the story with greater ease, and it makes the characters and event more real. In each sentence, the speaker is going to the mailbox, but the images are quite different. With the first sentence, the reader does not get a clear picture in her mind.
She does not know how the person felt or how his body was moving. Each of the other examples gives the reader a more complete picture of how the person felt and acted.
Show your students these examples and ask them which one they think is boring writing. They will say that the first is boring.
Then ask them how they would describe the writing in the other sentences. They will probably say it is interesting, specific or good.
Ask your students if they would rather write boring or interesting pieces. They will say they would rather write interesting ones.
Then encourage them that by using specific words, the writer paints a clear picture and does not have boring writing.
When you are talking about using specific words, it is a good time to explain to your students how a thesaurus works. Show them that by looking up one word like happy, they can find many other ways to express that emotion to paint a clearer picture: Divide your class into pairs or small groups and have them share a piece that they have written with their partners.
Then ask their groups to point out places where they do not get a clear picture from what is written.
Give students time to revise their pieces and then share with their groups again. Place a simple common object in front of your class, like an apple, and ask them to describe it.
After they have given some description, ask them to describe how the apple feels. Then ask them to describe how it smells. Ask how they think it tastes. Go through each of the five senses sight, smell, sound, taste, touch and ask for a specific description of the apple for each category. Show your students by focusing on one of the senses at a time, they can provide a much more detailed and therefore interesting description.
Give your students a little practice in class by asking them to think of a specific object and describe that object in terms of each of the five senses.
They should write their descriptions down on a piece of paper. Did the writer give detailed description for each of the five senses? Both of these phrases compare a person to another object. A metaphor, on the other hand, compares two things by saying that one is the other.
You may also want to have them describe each other though only do this if you are sure no one will be offended. Tell them that using similes and metaphors in their writing helps the reader associate the written piece with something that they already know.
This association makes the written piece more real and engaging for that reader. Encourage your students to use quotations from the people they know when writing their personal narratives.
If your students are writing fiction, ask them to imagine what they would say in the situation about which they are writing.
Then have them use those exact words for their stories.Personal and Expressive Writing. Elaboration. The paragraph below is from a first draft of a reflective essay about a memorable event in the writer's life. Use the. Suggestions for Elaboration.
to further develop the ideas in the paragraph, both by adding information to existing sentences and by creating new sentences. Ask students to summarize what writing strategy they learned today and how they will use it in their future writing.
Encourage them to connect the strategy to their reading as . Ask students to summarize what writing strategy they learned today and how they will use it in their future writing. Encourage them to connect the strategy to their reading as they make mental images during reading.
30 Ideas for Teaching Writing. Summary: Few sources available today offer writing teachers such succinct, practice-based help—which is one reason why 30 Ideas for Teaching Writing was the winner of the Association of Education Publishers Distinguished Achievement Award for .
Fourth Grade Writing Worksheets and Printables. Bring out your child’s inner wordsmith with these fourth grade writing worksheets that will energize and inspire even the most reluctant writers.
Some of the worksheets displayed are Elaboration revision and proofreading work, Noun phrase elaboration in children s spoken stories, Elaborationparagraph development activity c and e of the, Noun phrase elaboration by children with specific language, Student sample paragraphs without elaboration, Sentence elaboration, Lesson skill .