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A poetic accomplishment of quite another order is that of John Dryden. He was 29 years old when Charles II returned from exile, and little writing by him survives from before that date. However, for the remaining 40 years of his life, he was… Youth and education The son of a country gentleman, Dryden grew up in the country.
When he was 11 years old the Civil War broke out. About Dryden was admitted to Westminster Schoolwhere he received a predominantly classical education under the celebrated Richard Busby. His easy and lifelong familiarity with classical literature begun at Westminster later resulted in idiomatic English translations.
In he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where he took his B. What Dryden did between leaving the university in and the Restoration of Charles II in is not known with certainty.
In his contribution to a memorial volume for Oliver Cromwell marked him as a poet worth watching. This kind of public poetry was always one of the things Dryden did best. When in May Charles II was restored to the throne, Dryden joined the poets of the day in welcoming him, publishing in June Astraea Reduxa poem of more than lines in rhymed couplets.
For the coronation inhe wrote To His Sacred Majesty. These two poems were designed to dignify and strengthen the monarchy and to invest the young monarch with an aura of majesty, permanence, and even divinity. In due course she bore him three sons. In this work Dryden was once again gilding the royal image and reinforcing the concept of a loyal nation united under the best of kings.
It was hardly surprising that when the poet laureateSir William Davenantdied inDryden was appointed poet laureate in his place and two years later was appointed royal historiographer. Writing for the stage Soon after his restoration to the throne inCharles II granted two patents for theatres, which had been closed by the Puritans in Dryden soon joined the little band of dramatists who were writing new plays for the revived English theatre.
His first playThe Wild Gallant, a farcical comedy with some strokes of humour and a good deal of licentious dialoguewas produced in It was a comparative failure, but in January he had some share in the success of The Indian Queena heroic tragedy in rhymed couplets in which he had collaborated with Sir Robert Howardhis brother-in-law.
Dryden was soon to successfully exploit this new and popular genrewith its conflicts between love and honour and its lovely heroines before whose charms the blustering heroes sank down in awed submission.
In the spring of Dryden had his own first outstanding success with The Indian Emperour, a play that was a sequel to The Indian Queen. In Dryden had another remarkable hit with a tragicomedy, Secret Love, or the Maiden Queen, which appealed particularly to the king.
In Dryden published Of Dramatick Poesie, an Essaya leisurely discussion between four contemporary writers of whom Dryden as Neander is one. This work is a defense of English drama against the champions of both ancient Classical drama and the Neoclassical French theatre; it is also an attempt to discover general principles of dramatic criticism.
By deploying his disputants so as to break down the conventional oppositions of ancient and modern, French and English, Elizabethan and Restoration, Dryden deepens and complicates the discussion. This is the first substantial piece of modern dramatic criticism; it is sensible, judicious, and exploratory and combines general principles and analysis in a gracefully informal style.
The prefaces to his plays and translations over the next three decades were to constitute a substantial body of critical writing and reflection. Although Dryden averaged only a play a year, the contract apparently was mutually profitable.
In June he gave the company Tyrannick Love, with its blustering and blaspheming hero Maximin. In December of the next year came the first part of The Conquest of Granada by the Spaniards, followed by the second part about a month later.
All three plays were highly successful; and in the character Almanzor, the intrepid hero of The Conquest of Granada, the theme of love and honour reached its climax.Nov 24, · Estella havisham essay writer essay about sports fans pictures 13 bressay brae aberdeen, effective essay group meeting gantt chart for dissertation projects metropolis essay conclusion supernatural in hamlet and macbeth essay introduction pocket money good or bad essay the leopard film analysis essay.
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Discussions of the theory and practice of translation reach back into antiquity and show remarkable continuities. The ancient Greeks distinguished between metaphrase (literal translation) and regardbouddhiste.com distinction was adopted by English poet and translator John Dryden (–), who described translation as the judicious blending of these two modes of phrasing when selecting, in the.
John Dryden translated Virgil in the late ’s when more than fifty Englishmen before him had tried to translate at least some Virgil and many translated after his death in the seventeenth century as John Denham and Edmund Waller.
John Dryden – English poet, critic, playwright, and translator. Regarded by many scholars as the father of modern English poetry and criticism, Dryden dominated literary life in England.
John Locke (–) John Dryden (–) Whose most inﬂuential works were An Essay Concerning nature of poetry and translation. Dryden was also a consummate poet, dramatist, and translator. He was appointed poet-laureate Rene Descartes (–). Publication The publication history of Romeo and Juliet began in London in or , when printers John Danter and Edward Allde produced a mistake-ridden quarto version of the play copied in the audience during a performance.
(A quarto was a small sheet of paper folded once to form four pages.).