Psychotherapeutic treatments of major depressive disorder

Depressed people may be preoccupied with, or ruminate over, thoughts and feelings of worthlessness, inappropriate guilt or regret, helplessness, hopelessness, and self-hatred. These symptoms include delusions or, less commonly, hallucinationsusually unpleasant. Insomnia is common among the depressed. In the typical pattern, a person wakes very early and cannot get back to sleep.

Psychotherapeutic treatments of major depressive disorder

Major depression, also known as unipolar or major depressive disorder, is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness or a lack of interest in outside stimuli.

The unipolar connotes a difference between major depression and bipolar depressionwhich refers to an oscillating state between depression and mania.

Fortunately, major depression is well understood in the medical community and is often easily treatable through a combination of medication and talk therapy.

Below is a guide to everything from the symptoms and causes of major depression, to statistics and treatment that you can seek from a medical professional if you feel that you need assistance.

Article continues below Do you feel depressed? Although that is not a vast majority, it represents a significant section of the population, many of whom do not seek recurring treatment for their depression. While these men and women do have lifetime occurrences, the median age for the onset of major depression is age 32, as reported by the U.

It can result in collation with anything from pregnancy to more chronic or recurring problems. While those particular conditions are more prevalent in men, Psychology Today has stated that a commonly cited physiological reason for women experiencing major depression more than men is due to fluctuating hormones and genetic predisposition, particularity around the times of puberty, childbirth, and menopause.

However, major depression is a serious issue for both genders, and if left untreated, can have fatal results. Fortunately, there is good news. Co-occurring illness and medical conditions can be a serious risk factor in having a major depressive episode.

Overview of BPD

Also, symptoms of the disorder itself can cause depression. The extent that anatomical and physiological factors have on major depression is unknown, but it is thought to be significant.

Along with socioeconomic factors the loss of a job and a feeling of economic disenfranchisement, for examplethe above are considered the major reasons why you would suffer from major depressive disorder.

Types You might be surprised to learn that there are many different types of major depressive disorder that can affect you can make living your daily life difficult. Each type often has different causes, but they typically involve the same feeling of disinterest in activities that you once loved and an overall feeling of melancholy.

These are divided into subtypes called specifiers that determine how long the diagnosis of depression lasts and the defining characteristic of each type.

Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is categorized as a disease directly caused by the time of the year. It occurs most often in the winter months when sunlight is not as readily available. Psychotic depression often develops if you have been hallucinating or you believe in delusions that are not cohesive with reality.

This can be caused by a traumatic event or if you have already had a form of depression in the past. Postpartum depression is a common occurrence among new mothers experiencing hormonal changes following childbirth.

Psychotherapeutic treatments of major depressive disorder

The stress of raising a new child and changes in and to your body can greatly affect your mood. Additionally, the Canadian Mental Health Association states that parents who adopt can also suffer some of the symptoms of postpartum depression.

Those with melancholic depression often exhibit the most typical signs of depression including weight loss and decreased interest in activities they once loved. You might experience a depressed mood similar to losing someone you love or intense grief.


Atypical depression is often directly related to your mood and your interactions with others. Symptoms include hypersomnia, heaviness in the limbs, and social anxiety.

If you suffer from catatonic depression, you are most likely experiencing motor problems and behavioral issues. You might be immobilized or have involuntary movements.

The signs and symptoms of catatonia interfere severely with essential activities of daily living. These typically manifest themselves in coping behaviors and reactions to how you feel.

Depending on which type of depression you have, you may experience various symptoms. Negative thinking with inability to see positive solutions Agitation.About Major Depressive Disorder: Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and loss of interest in normal activities and relationships, interfering with a .

A wide range of effective treatments is available for major depressive disorder. Medication alone (see Medication) and brief psychotherapy (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy) alone can relieve depressive symptoms. The symptoms of bipolar disorder depend upon whether the sufferer is experiencing a depressive or manic episode.

A person must have experienced at least one manic episode to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Symptoms and signs of manic episodes include . Mental disorder, any illness with significant psychological or behavioral manifestations that is associated with either a painful or distressing symptom or an impairment in .

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance, excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. Those affected often spend much time thinking about achieving power or success, or on their appearance.

Psychotherapy – Evidence-Based Treatments for Major Depression

They often take advantage of the people around them. This reference list was compiled by Robert Hare for personal use. Most, but not all, of the articles listed on these pages discuss or evaluate the PCL-R, the PCL:SV, the PCL:YV, and other Hare to available abstracts, and when available, links to the full text on the Journal web sites are provided (search for [full text] on the page below).

Psychotherapy (Talk Therapy) for Depression Treatment