You can help by adding to it. April Buddhism is devoted primarily to liberation from sufferingignorance, and contaminated rebirth. The purpose of one's life is to break free from samsarathe cycle of compulsory rebirth, by attaining moksha and nirvana.
This special interpretation of sin likewise renders understandable the specifically Christian understanding of human redemption, namely, the view of Jesus Christ as the historical figure of the Redeemer—i. Nature and significance It could be argued reasonably that the primary purpose of all religions is to provide salvation for their adherents, and the existence of many different religions indicates that there is a great variety of opinion about what constitutes salvation and the means of achieving it.
That the term salvation can be meaningfully used in connection with so many religions, however, shows that it distinguishes a notion common to men and women of a wide range of cultural traditions.
The term soteriology denotes beliefs and doctrines concerning salvation in any specific religion, as well as the study of the subject. The idea of saving or delivering from some dire situation logically implies that humankind, as a whole or in part, is in such a situation. This premisein turn, involves a series of related assumptions about human nature and destiny.
Objects and goals The creation myths of many religions express the beliefs that have been held concerning the original state of humankind in the divine ordering of the universe.
Many of these myths envisage a kind of golden age at the beginning of the world, when the first human beings lived, serene and happy, untouched by disease, aging, or death and in harmony with a divine Creator.
Myths of this kind usually involve the shattering of the ideal state by some mischance, with wickedness, disease, and death entering into the world as the result.
In ancient Iran a different cosmic situation was contemplated, one in which the world was seen as a battleground of two opposing forces: In this cosmic struggle, humanity was inevitably involved, and the quality of human life was conditioned by this involvement.
This salvation involved the restoration of all that had been corrupted or injured by Ahriman at the time of his final defeat and destruction. Thus, the Zoroastrian concept of salvation was really a return to a golden age of the primordial perfection of all things, including humans.
Some ancient Christian theologians e. In those religions that regard humans as essentially psychophysical organisms e. Such religions therefore teach doctrines of a resurrection of the dead body and its reunion with the soul, preparatory to ultimate salvation or damnation. In contrast, some religions have taught that the body is a corrupting substance in which the soul is imprisoned e.
In this dualistic view of human nature, salvation has meant essentially the emancipation of the soul from its physical prison or tomb and its return to its ethereal home. Such religions generally explain the incarceration of the soul in the body in terms that imply the intrinsic evil of physical matter.
Where such views of human nature were held, salvation therefore meant the eternal beatitude of the disembodied soul. Christian soteriology contains a very complex eschatological regarding a doctrine of last things program, which includes the fate of both individual persons and the existing cosmic order.
The return of Christ will be heralded by the destruction of heaven and earth and the resurrection of the dead. The Last Judgmentwhich will then take place, will result in the eternal beatitude of the just, whose souls have been purified in purgatoryand the everlasting damnation of the wicked.
The saved, reconstituted by the reunion of soul and body, will forever enjoy the beatific vision; the damned, similarly reconstituted, will suffer forever in helltogether with the Devil and the fallen angels.
Some schemes of eschatological imagery used by both Christians and Jews envisage the creation of a new heaven and earth, with a New Jerusalem at its centre. Means The hope of salvation has naturally involved ideas about how it might be achieved.
These ideas have varied according to the form of salvation envisagedbut the means employed can be divided into three significant categories: Basic context Time Study of the relevant evidence shows the menace of death as the basic cause of soteriological concern and action.
Salvation from disease or misfortune, which also figures in religion, is of comparatively lesser significance, though it is often expressive of more immediate concerns. But the menace of death is of another order to humans because of their profound personal awareness of the temporal categories of pastpresentand future.
This time-consciousness is possessed by no other species with such insistent clarity. It enables humans to draw upon past experience in the present and to plan for future contingencies.
This faculty, however, has another effect: Humans thus know what no other animals apparently know about themselves—namely, that they are mortal. They can project themselves mentally into the future and anticipate their own decease.
Human burial customs grimly attest to a preoccupation with death from the very dawn of human culture in the Paleolithic Period Old Stone Age.
Significantly, the burial of the dead is practiced by no other species. The menace of death is thus inextricably bound up with the human consciousness of time.Additional Resources.
Bavinck, Herman. Our Reasonable regardbouddhiste.com Rapids: Eerdmans, Berkhof, L. Manual of Christian regardbouddhiste.com Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans. The Cross and Salvation: The Doctrine of Salvation (Foundations of Evangelical Theology) [Bruce Demarest, John S.
Feinberg] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
With America's confidence in the Bible at an all-time low and the strength of her spiritual convictions waning. The importance of understanding terms when discussing theology and doing apologetics cannot be overestimated.
This is why a Theological Dictionary is so important. First, define terms. ìA dozen first-class essayists show us ëhow wide and long and high and deep is the love of Christ,í and they do so to wonderful effect. Here, at last, salvation is much bigger than we are.î óCornelius Plantinga, Jr., president, Calvin Theological Seminary.
Soteriology, (soteria, salvation, logos, discourse) refers to the study of the doctrine concerning salvation. In general, Soteriology embraces God’s purpose to save, the Person and work of the Redeemer, and the application of redemption by the work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts and lives of men.
Soteriology, the doctrine of salvation, must be the grandest theme in the Scriptures. It embraces all of time as well as eternity past and future. It relates in one way or another to all of mankind, without exception.