Additional Information Abstract In this paper, we consider neighborhood selection as a social process central to the reproduction of racial inequality in neighborhood attainment. We formulate a multilevel model that decomposes multiple sources of stability and change in longitudinal trajectories of achieved neighborhood income among nearly 4, Chicago families followed for up to seven years wherever they moved in the United States. Even after we adjust for a comprehensive set of fixed and time-varying covariates, racial inequality in neighborhood attainment is replicated by movers and stayers alike.
Additional Information Abstract This study assesses the role of social context in explaining racial and ethnic disparities in arrest, with a focus on how distinct neighborhood contexts in which different racial and ethnic groups reside explain variations in criminal outcomes.
Findings reveal that black youths face multiple layers of disadvantage relative to other racial and ethnic groups, and these layers work to create differences in arrest.
At the family level, results show that disadvantages in the form of unstable family structures explain much of the disparities in arrest across race and ethnicity. At the neighborhood level, black youths tend to reside in areas with both significantly higher levels of concentrated poverty than other youths as well as lower levels of collective efficacy than white youths.
Variations in neighborhood tolerance of deviance across groups explain little of the arrest disparities, yet tolerance of deviance does influence the frequency with which a crime ultimately ends in an arrest.
Even after accounting for relevant demographic, family, and neighborhood-level predictors, substantial residual arrest differences remain between black youths and youths of other racial and ethnic groups.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:We investigate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and other neighborhood characteristics, focusing on the cities in MTO.
2 We find that a low-poverty neighborhood can look like a high-poverty neighborhood in other important neighborhood dimensions such as unemployment, educational attainment, and household structure.
We also . The reviewed housing literature motivated us to focus our empirical work on what appears to be key neighborhood factors in facilitating or limiting the economic independence of low-income Black women: racial segregation, family income, violent crime, educational levels, and male unemployment.
The size of the racial and ethnic gaps in neighborhood income is reduced in these models, suggesting that the superior economic position of whites in the sample explains at least a portion of the racial inequality in neighborhood conditions.
STUDY. PLAY. sociology. is the scientific study of human social life, groups, and societies. giving particular emphasis to analysis of the industrialized world.
a style of management that regards a company's workforce as vital to its economic competitiveness the key factor behind occupational status was educational.
Neighborhood Income Composition by Household Race and Income, – By SeAN F. ReARDON, LINDSAy FOx, and JOSepH TOwNSeND ANN THE ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMYRace and Neighborhood Income Composition research-article Residential segregation, by definition, leads to racial and .
Furthermore, the direct comparability of the estimated school and neighborhood contributions can inform theories about the relative importance of each context in producing, or reproducing.