Prior to the emergence of sociology the study of society was carried on in an unscientific manner and society had never been the central concern of any science. It is through the study of sociology that the truly scientific study of the society has been possible. Sociology alone studies social relationships, society itself.
Table of Contents Political Socialization People acquire political culture through a process known as political socialization. Although the bulk of political socialization occurs during childhood, adults continue to be socialized.
Political socialization occurs in many ways: For this reason, family tends to be the most important source of political socialization.
Families mostly impart political culture unintentionally by acting as examples for the children. Very often, people end up with political beliefs similar to those of their parents. Most children learn about their country at school, usually through a curriculum known as civic education.
This curriculum trains young people to be good citizens, often via history, government, and social studies. Although these lessons are usually basic, many of the key ideas and values of a society are imparted through school.
Most students learn about U. For example, the end of racial segregation is usually discussed as a sign of the progress America has made toward equality and liberty. Roman Catholicism has a well-defined set of positions on many political issues, ranging from abortion to capital punishment to social justice.
Although not all Catholics oppose abortion or favor more welfare programs, many do as a result of their religious beliefs. Social and economic class: Blue-collar workers in the United States tend to favor liberal economic policies but usually oppose many liberal social policies.
For much of the twentieth century, economic issues seemed more important to many blue-collar workers, so they tended to vote for the Democrats. In the last few decades, though, social issues have taken on new importance, and an increasing number of blue-collar workers have voted Republican.
Members of a minority group sometimes feel like outsiders, and this feeling of isolation and alienation affects their attitudes toward society and government.
This is particularly true when the minority group is treated either better or worse than others in society. The power of media is increasing with the spread of hour cable news networks, talk radio, the Internet, and the seeming omnipresence of personal audio and video devices, so the influence of the media on political socialization is no longer confined to the young.
World War II defined the attitudes of many Americans, especially those who served in it. Many veterans became dedicated to living up to the ideals professed in the war. Twenty years later, the Vietnam War would have a similarly important impact, fostering skepticism of foreign military operations.
In the s, the Watergate scandal instilled a profound mistrust of government in many people. The Role of Government The government plays a role in political socialization in a variety of ways.
It determines the policies and curricula, including what books students may read, for public schools. The government also regulates the media, which affects what we see and hear. These choices have a subtle effect on viewers:CHAPTER I: A SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY "Social Control" covers all of the processes which prevent and correct deviance.
Almost every facet of social life has at one time or another been considered as an example of social control. Location and Geography. Canada is located in the northern portion of the continent of North America, extending, in general, from the 49th parallel northward to the islands of the Arctic Ocean.
social class and gender: Identifying oneself as a member of the working class or the peasantry leads to distinct political views about what issues are important and which political groups best represent one's interest.
From birth, nature and society ascribe different patterns of behavior to males and females. Chapter 3: Political Culture and Political Socialization.
I. Political Culture. a.
Citizens orientations toward the political system, political and policymaking process and policy outputs and outcomes (or the distribution of orientations toward political objects) II. Mapping the three levels of political culture: a.
Plains Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting the Great Plains of the United States and Canada. This culture area comprises a vast grassland between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains and from present-day provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan in Canada through the present-day state of Texas in the United States.
The area is drained principally by the. May 19, · Political Socialization Essay. So the family becomes the most important of socialization.
This paper discusses why family is the most important of socialization. It reflects on the changes in the American family and the reason for the changes. Political Culture; Political Instability And Civil Wars “the Soul Within” (Socialization.