Relation between values and prices[ edit ] One issue facing the LTV is the relationship between value quantities on one hand and prices on the other.
Meteorological analysis updated June Trabalho essay analysis showed the suspected crash region to be within the intertropical convergence zone ITCZwhich at this time of year is usually found at about the N parallel.
A region of strong trade winds covered most of the tropical North Atlantic and this kept the ITCZ in a somewhat southerly position.
The linear convergence along the ITCZ and the unstable atmospheric conditions combined to produce scattered clusters of thunderstorms. Surface analysis for Z. See mbmbmband mb. Most of the wind barbs seen here are from satellite estimates and a few others are from ACARS inflight reports starred symbols.
Using the satellite data we obtain these graphics: Cross-section of Air France flight track through thunderstorm cluster, based on refined May flight data. At this time UTC the aircraft would not enter the frame shown here for another five minutes.
Note that course correction - Event 3 occurred within a core area of the storm complex, and the crew's slight leftward deviation implies that the crew was seeing radar reflectivity returns on the cloud material to the right of the "" annotation, and as a result it can be presumed that it contained moderate to strong precipitation.
At this time UTC the aircraft was impacting the water near the cyan-colored mark. As this was on the inflow side of the storm complex and cloud temperatures showed slight cooling, it is believed that the aircraft was encountering rain showers, though not necessarily heavy, through the final moments up until impact.
The resulting satellite photos clearly show an active mesoscale convective system MCS across the flight path, which had developed rapidly around UTC. The active thunderstorm areas are actually defined not by the bright coloring or the cloud shield but by small-scale mottled areas of cold cloud tops.
Compare with this structural diagram below of a similar tropical MCS in the same area in From a turbulence perspective, the cold spots described above would be the areas of highest concern as they signal the location of an active updraft producing new cloud material in the upper troposphere.
Identification of actual thunderstorm cells is difficult, and can only be found where a pixel cools with time, and which is not part of a large-scale area of cooling and is not explained by advection. Unfortunately this can only be analyzed subjectively. Based on this, it appears that the northern edge of the actual precipitation was at about 3.
Analysis of satellite animation showed the development of new cells mainly on the northeast side of the cluster. All new updrafts produced upper tropospheric cloud material which advected southwestward at about 12 kt.
Cell motion appeared to be southwest at about 5 kt with a northeastward propagation mode, suggesting strong inflow on the northern periphery from the northeast trade winds.
The cluster also shows some evidence of upper tropospheric divergence. The calculation of a 19 kt headwind is also suggestive of stronger northerly winds at mb south of the system than was indicated by the models.
Hodographs for the Air France incident area, obtained from NCEP reanalysis data and from satellite interpretation. These diagrams are messy but are quite clear in showing a dominant northeast-to-southwest deep-layer shear profile, with mean storm motion toward the southwest at about 7 kt. The satellite derived hodograph shows a more realistic northeastward propagation mode.
Deep layer shear is about 10 kt toward the southeast, suggesting that downdraft cores are generally carried south or southwest of the updrafts. It gives some idea of what the aircraft was probably flying through and shows the vertical radar structures that can be expected.
The southwest and northeast directions should be reversed for the June 1, storm complex.A profound experience where you deepen into the Work that Reconnects foundations and practices and your facilitation skills, learn more about solidarity and inclusion within the WTR practices and join a caring community committed to the Great Turning.
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