Parentheses indicate more emphasis than commas; dashes indicate more emphasis than parentheses.
At only 19 pages, this punctuation guide is a slight affair. Today we know that parentheses have five primary uses and brackets three. Let me run through these uses briefly.
What are the five uses of parentheses? First, they set off an inserted phrase, clause or sentence that you want to minimize. Finally, they denote subparts in a citation: Now for the three uses of brackets. Lawyers are a little different here: Of course you do.
Third, they sometimes denote subparts in a citation, especially in looseleaf legal sources whose citations contain successive numbers: Now I know what you must be thinking: Hold onto your hats, folks.
In particular, they are pretty grossly overused. Explanatory parentheticals were no big problem: They just lengthened the footnotes in which source materials appeared, and they became necessary adjuncts to most citations. All the practitioner materials were typeset in Courier, suggesting that this abominable typeface was somehow preferred.
And it showed all citations interspersed in the body of practitioner materials. The effect of these two innovations was to lengthen the average citation threefold or fourfold, thereby separating consecutive sentences by many lines, especially if the practitioner was ill-advised enough to include a string citation.
Citations with their trailing parenthetical cabooses started occupying most of the pages, which became visually repulsive.
This can go on for dozens of pages at a stretch. In fact, it often does in the average brief. As a result, judges have started reading differently. They no longer actually read. They glance at the cases, turn the pages quickly and have a hasty glimpse of the fragments of lawyerly prose.
They no longer expect real paragraphs because they so seldom see them. Meanwhile, iPad reading has now made it easier than ever to flick over pages that never actually get read.
This shift has largely taken place over the past 20 years. So when people ask: It has gotten objectively worse because of all the unintended consequences of two changes in The Bluebook: You see the pleasing development of an idea within a paragraph and over a series of beautifully phrased paragraphs.Parenthesis often offers us insight into the true thoughts and feelings of narrators and characters, and while we might be tempted to pass over parenthetical information as less important, doing so can leave you clueless as to the actual aim of a given sentence.
Welcome to /r/jobs!Please make sure to set flair for your posts to facilitate categorization. How to get work and how to leave it. Employment, recruitment, interviews, etc. Some like to use parentheses for the innermost set in a nesting, and then square brackets outside of those, and then curly braces.
This is also fine. Sometimes, when I'm teaching, I'll use parentheses around the argument of a function, and square brackets around the argument of an operator.
Use a bracket (sometimes called a square bracket) to indicate that the endpoint is included in the interval, a parenthesis (sometimes called a round bracket) to indicate that it is not.
Brackets are like inequalities that say "or equal" parentheses are like strict inequalities. Dashes: Dashes have three uses: 1. To set off parenthetical material that you want to emphasize; in other words, if you want to include information that is not absolutely necessary in forming a complete sentence but that is important to the idea you are communicating, introduce this information into the main sentence between dashes.
The parenthesis is a punctuation mark, which is written or typed as an upright curved line. Two parentheses, (), are generally paired and used to mark off explanatory or qualifying remarks in writing.
Parentheses indicate an interrupting phrase, a word group (a statement, question, or exclamation) that interrupts the flow of a sentence and can also be set off with commas or dashes.