Comparison Essay Comparison Essay A comparison essay is a special type of formal academic writing, which involves comparing and contrasting two objects.
Bibliography Definition Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective usuallya clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice. Like specialist languages adopted in other professions, such as, law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.
Colorado Technical College; Hartley, James. Academic Writing and Publishing: Importance of Good Academic Writing The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience.
However, most college-level research papers require careful attention to the following stylistic elements: The Big Picture Unlike fiction or journalistic writing, the overall structure of academic writing is formal and logical. It must be cohesive and possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this means that the various parts are connected to form a unified whole.
There should be narrative links between sentences and paragraphs so that the reader is able to follow your argument. The introduction should include a description of how the rest of the paper is organized and all sources are properly cited throughout the paper.
The Tone The overall tone refers to the attitude conveyed in a piece of writing. Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone. When presenting a position or argument that you disagree with, describe this argument accurately and without loaded or biased language.
In academic writing, the author is expected to investigate the research problem from an authoritative point of view. You should, therefore, state the strengths of your arguments confidently, using language that is neutral, not confrontational or dismissive.
Diction Diction refers to the choice of words you use. Awareness of the words you use is important because words that have almost the same denotation [dictionary definition] can have very different connotations [implied meanings].
This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e.
Therefore, use concrete words [not general] that convey a specific meaning. If this cannot be done without confusing the reader, then you need to explain what you mean within the context of how that word or phrase is used within a discipline.
The Language The investigation of research problems in the social sciences is often complex and multi- dimensional.
Therefore, it is important that you use unambiguous language. Well-structured paragraphs and clear topic sentences enable a reader to follow your line of thinking without difficulty. Your language should be concise, formal, and express precisely what you want it to mean.
Do not use vague expressions that are not specific or precise enough for the reader to derive exact meaning ["they," "we," "people," "the organization," etc. Punctuation Scholars rely on precise words and language to establish the narrative tone of their work and, therefore, punctuation marks are used very deliberately.
For example, exclamation points are rarely used to express a heightened tone because it can come across as unsophisticated or over-excited. Dashes should be limited to the insertion of an explanatory comment in a sentence, while hyphens should be limited to connecting prefixes to words [e.
Finally, understand that semi-colons represent a pause that is longer than a comma, but shorter than a period in a sentence. In general, there are four grammatical uses of semi-colons: If you are not confident about when to use semi-colons [and most of the time, they are not required for proper punctuation], rewrite using shorter sentences or revise the paragraph.
Academic Conventions Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing. It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism.
The scholarly convention of citing sources is also important because it allows the reader to identify the materials [print or online] you used so they can independently verify your findings and conclusions.
Examples of other academic conventions to follow include the appropriate use of headings and subheadings, properly spelling out acronyms when first used in the text, avoiding slang or colloquial language, avoiding emotive language or unsupported declarative statements, avoiding contractions, and using first person and second person pronouns only when necessary.
Evidence-Based Reasoning Assignments often ask you to express your own point of view about the research problem. However, what is valued in academic writing is that opinions are based on what is often termed, evidence-based reasoning, a sound understanding of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic debates that exist within, and often external to, your discipline.
You need to support your opinion with evidence from scholarly sources.Recall what the different types of academic writing are; Define the main features for each particular type; Know more about the strategies for preparing a good paper of a certain kind.
Let's look at the major characteristics of the writing types in detail. Descriptive Writing - Use Vivid Images. Academic disciplines have varying expectations for how to list citation information. In some instances, even two journals in the same field will use different styles.
This guide covers the . The following information was based on information from Judy K.
Montgomery’s book: The Bridge of Vocabulary: Evidence Based Activities for Academic Success (NCS Pearson Inc, ) There are 4 types of vocabulary: Listening Speaking Reading Writing. Each type has a different purpose and, luckily, vocabulary development in one type.
Different types of an academic essay. There are many types of academic essays. Below is a discussion of some of the most common types of an academic essay. Expository academic essay. This is usually a writer’s explanation of a short idea, theme or just an issue. They do this with the aim of informing their audience of some information.
College is a melting pot of people.
Everyone is different; students learn at different paces and have different learning styles. If students choose a community college they are placed in classes based upon their academic testing scores.
Oct 24, · Academic writing is simply a different style or approach to writing, which entails in-depth research, analysis, which can be emperical, primary or secondary with use of mathematical, bilogical, scientific, business, social or educational skills and qualifications.