Establish a point of comparison for each topic and then describe first one piece and then the other to support the point.
Persian metres The terminology for metrical system used in classical and classical-style Persian poetry is the same as that of Classical Arabic, even though these are quite different in both origin and structure.
This has led to serious confusion among prosodists, both ancient and modern, Write comparative essay poetry to the true source and nature of the Persian metres, the most obvious error being the assumption that they were copied from Arabic.
Anceps positions in the line, however, that is places where either a long or short syllable can be used marked "x" in the schemes beloware not found in Persian verse except in some metres at the beginning of a line.
Persian poetry is written in couplets, with each half-line hemistich being syllables long. Except in the ruba'i quatrainwhere either of two very similar metres may be used, the same metre is used for every line in the poem. Rhyme is always used, sometimes with double rhyme or internal rhymes in addition.
In some poems, known as masnavithe two halves of each couplet rhyme, with a scheme aa, bb, cc and so on. In lyric poetry, the same rhyme is used throughout the poem at the end of each couplet, but except in the opening couplet, the two halves of each couplet do not rhyme; hence the scheme is aa, ba, ca, da.
A ruba'i quatrain also usually has the rhyme aa, ba. A particular feature of classical Persian prosody, not found in Latin, Greek or Arabic, is that instead of two lengths of syllables long and shortthere are three lengths short, long, and overlong.
About 30 different metres are commonly used in Persian. Ferdowsi's Shahnameh u — — — u — — — u — — e. Rumi's Masnavi-e Ma'navi — — u u — u — u — — e.
Nezami 's Leyli o Majnun The two metres used for ruba'iyat quatrainswhich are only used for this, are the following, of which the second is a variant of the first: Classical Chinese poetry forms Classical Chinese poetic metric may be divided into fixed and variable length line types, although the actual scansion of the metre is complicated by various factors, including linguistic changes and variations encountered in dealing with a tradition extending over a geographically extensive regional area for a continuous time period of over some two-and-a-half millennia.
Beginning with the earlier recorded forms: Han Dynasty poetry tended towards the variable line-length forms of the folk ballads and the Music Bureau yuefu. The Song poetry is specially known for its use of the ciusing variable line lengths which follow the specific pattern of a certain musical song's lyrics, thus ci are sometimes referred to as "fixed-rhythm" forms.
Yuan poetry metres continued this practice with their qu forms, similarly fixed-rhythm forms based on now obscure or perhaps completely lost original examples or, ur-types.
The regulated verse forms also prescribed patterns based upon linguistic tonality. The use of caesura is important in regard to the metrical analysis of Classical Chinese poetry forms.
Old English[ edit ] The metric system of Old English poetry was different from that of modern English, and related more to the verse forms of most of the older Germanic languages such as Old Norse. It used alliterative versea metrical pattern involving varied numbers of syllables but a fixed number usually four of strong stresses in each line.
The unstressed syllables were relatively unimportant, but the caesurae breaks between the half-lines played a major role in Old English poetry. Each half-line had to follow one of five or so patterns, each of which defined a sequence of stressed and unstressed syllables, typically with two stressed syllables per half line.
Unlike typical Western poetry, however, the number of unstressed syllables could vary somewhat.Studybay is an academic writing service for students: essays, term papers, dissertations and much more!
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AGNI Poetry by Year. The links below take you to an index of all poetry published in each given year.
A poetry essay evaluates a poem. It analyzes the words, sounds, feelings and topics that the poet uses in the poem. A poetry essay should include analysis of the topic, message, rhythm and word choice.
This article is written by Greg Costikyan. The opinions expressed are his alone, and no other person or organization should be deemed in any way responsible for their expression here. A writer’s style is a reflection of his or her personality, unique voice, and way of approaching the audience and readers.
However, every piece writers write is for a specific purpose—for example, writers may want to explain how something works or persuade people to agree with their point of view.